Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Ephesus

Ephesus is amazing!!! The Roman's however, had to have had some major confidence issues, they all had to have temples or monuments in their names.  Like that was going to make them immortal. On the other hand I guess their names are still well today. The temple of Hadrian, the Roman temple was constructed in 118 A.D. and reconstructed the the 5th century.
Temple of Artemis, in ancient times it was one of the seven wonders of the world Ephesus was famed for the Temple (completed around 550 BC)  The temple was destroyed in 401 A.D. by a mob. Today  the Temple of Artemis  is a single column standing in a swamp.

 This will have to be edited, I can't remember which apostle is supposedly buried here, I think it was John
 Isabey Mosque, was built in 1375 at the direction of the Emir of Aydin. It incorporates columns and stones recycled from the ruins of Ephesus and the Temple of Artemis. In the back ground was the fortress built to protect from invasions.

 St. Lukes Grave, there is debate whether or not this is Lukes Grave site. The ox and cross are very clear.


 The Bouleuterion was used for meetings of the Boulea or the Senate. It's second function was the Odeum, a concert hall. It was built in the 2nd century A.D. Elder Hunter was preforming in the  theater for us.
Who knew my cat's heritage came from Turkey!!!!


Can't remember what this was. Someone really liked themselves and built a temple or a monument.

The brazen serpent,  this symbol literally has been around forever.


 This was the first structure in Ephesus known to be dedicated to the emperor Domitian. When the unpopular emperor was killed by his servant, the public quickly took vengeance and erased his name from many inscriptions and re-dedicated the temple to Vespasian, the father of Domitian.
At first we thought this was the Nike Swoosh, but then we realize it was the Greek goddess of Victory



There were six columns at the entrance to Heracles Gate. 
                  Close up view of Curetes Street, the street is marble, caution, slippery when wet.

 Curetes Street once lines with shops, workshops and inns, Curetes Street was a main city street  and an important processional route in the cult of Artemis

Celsus Library,  the facade of the library of Celsus is one of the most spectacular sights in Ephesus. Built by a Roman in memory of his father. It faces east so the reading rooms received the morning light. Paul was thought to have taught on the stairs of the library. The Jewish  synagogue was to the left of the temple. He would have also taught there.




This was a hugh city. Only 35% of the city has been uncovered.   Here we are just tourist for the day.
The Hunter's were wonderful tour guides. They wanted us to get the real favor of the country so instead of taking a taxi to Ephesus we took the bus to another bus, to the metro, to another bus and then to a taxi. We have a new appreciation for what they do every day.

Gate of Augustus, the gate way to the city.
The Great Theater is the probable place where Paul preached to the pagans in Acts.  The tree-tiered theater, built into the slope of a hill, once seated 25,000 people.



Ephesus was an ancient Greek city and later a major Roman city, on the west coast of Asia Minor.  It was one of the twelve cities of the lonian League during the Classical Greek era. In Roma period, Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world.  As prophesied by Paul the city would be destroyed if the people didn't repent.  They mocked him, it was a magnificent city nothing could destroy it.  The city was partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614 A.D. The city's importance as a commercial center declined as the harbor was slowly silted up by the Cayster River and the prophesy was fulfilled.


 This is my favorite! The public toilets of Ephesus built in the first century A.D. The toilets were side by side with no partition between them. In the middle was a square pool, like you would have gotten in that pool!  The floor was paved with mosaics.  The upper class that had servants would send their servants to sit on the toilet before they arrived to warm the seat. 

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